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OPEN SUBMISSION FOR FRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY SPECIAL ISSUE ON NUCLEIC ACID-BASED APTAMERS IN THERAPEUTICS AND DIAGNOSTICS

Dr. Anna Aviñó, Scientific Coordianator of NANBIOSIS unit 29 of Oligonucleotide Synthesis Platform (OSP) and Dr. Carme Fàbrega from the Nucleic Acid Chemistry group from CIBER-BBN and IQAC_CSIC, together with Dr. Claudia Riccardi from the University of Naples Federico II, Dr. Stefania Mazzini from University of Milan, and Dr. Raimundo Gargallo from the University of Barcelona, acting as guest editors of the journal Frontiers in Chemistry, welcome authors to submit their articles on special issues on Nucleic Acid-Based Aptamers in Therapeutics and Diagnostics.

Nucleic acid‐based aptamers are short DNA or RNA sequences able to adopt specific three‐dimensional architectures. The high affinity and selectivity shown for a selected target, as well as the wide range of molecular targets, make aptamers a valuable alternative to antibodies in several biological applications.

Oligonucleotide-based aptamers have become an attractive tool not only in molecular biology research but also in modern medicine as precision instruments for molecular diagnostics, as sensing device and in therapy (as drugs or drug-delivery systems). Numerous improved methodologies for their selections and various applications, such as bioimaging, diagnoses, molecular therapies, and nanotechnology, have been reported to date.

This Research Topic will concentrate on the latest development’s nucleic acid-based aptamer chemistry. We encourage authors to submit original research and review articles dealing with all the aspects of aptamer research, including aptamer selection technology, engineering/modification strategies, characterization, development, and/or application of aptamers in therapeutics and diagnostics.

Manuscripts should be submitted on line on the following link.

Deadline for submission: 26 May 2022

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The coming revolution: synthetic DNA and RNA for therapeutic and diagnostic applications

The discovery of the mRNA vaccines for the treatment of coronavirus, as well as new medicines for the treatment of genetic diseases, has been important in the quest of solutions for undrugable diseases in an unexpected short-time.

Thus, the chemical modifications of nucleic acids with diagnostic and therapeutic purposes is now a reality, a revolution that promises to give hopes on unsolved medical problems or optimize previous approaches, largely due to the research push for the development of mRNA vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Now, the prestigious The Chemical Recordjournal has invited the Nucleic Acids Chemistry group, of IQAC-CSIC and CIBER-BBN and belonging to the Global Health Platform of CSIC, to describe the advances and modificacions of the nucleic acids in the last decade. The article, authored by Dr. Carme Fàbrega, Dr. Anna Aviñó and Dr. Ramon Eritja (coordinator and director, respectively, of Unit 29 of ICTS NANBIOSIS), reports the development of synthetic DNA and RNA for therapeutic and diagnostic applications.

The article describes the most important results from the Nucleic Acid Chemistry group in this area covering the international context that surrounded these studies. These include the development of modifications in potentially therapeutic oligonucleotides to enhance nuclease resistance as well as improving cellular uptake and avoiding side effects, and the advances in the use of DNA nanostructures in the controlled deposition of matter in surfaces and their potential application as drug delivery systems is reported.

Moreover, the article has been selected to illustrate the front cover of The Chemical Record, a journal of the Chemical Society in Japan, with a suggestive image that shows the research activity in this area. The back image is the three dimensional reconstruction of a DNA array described by the group of Dr. Seeman obtained by A. Garibotti in Barcelona. On the top the crystal structure of the Argonaute protein from the Protein Data Bank is shown. This protein is a natural player that helps the therapeutic action of RNA molecules. 

Read the full article in this link.

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